FAQ: frequently asked questions
What needs does Rai Internazionale strive to respond to through programme diversification?
For two reasons. First of all the areas covered by our signal are so numerous, vast and far apart that they cover many time zones: if there were only one programme schedule, it would have to be broadcast several times during the day so that the most popular programmes would coincide with the times suitable for viewers in the different countries. Also, for some areas we do not have the broadcasting rights for all the programmes, while we know by experience that certain titles or television genres do not have the same success with all audiences.
We therefore decided to propose different programme schedules, with the aim of offering the best of what we can broadcast to each area at the most suitable times for that particular audience.
How is the Rai Internazionale TV programme schedule organised?
With two transmissions 24 hours a day, Rai Internazionale has different destinations: Raitalia 1 reaches North America and Latin America, Raitalia 2 goes to Oceania and Asia, Raitalia 3 to Africa, Raitalia 4 to Europe.
What criteria are used to select programme repeats?
Repeats are a feature in the proposals of all international broadcasting companies, put together in identical blocks which are repeated to keep up with the different time zones. In our case they respond to the need to organise the entire TV offer in two programme schedules intended for audiences separated by enormous differences in time.
Compared to other continents, viewers in Asia receive fewer programmes and football matches: why?
For this area, in 2003 Rai Internazionale acquired the rights for Serie B matches in the football championship (you can read the match calendar on the website of La Giostra dei Gol). Despite considerable efforts made by the management of Rai Internazionale, we were regrettably unable to purchase the other Italian football rights. Therefore we cannot for the present moment broadcast matches or football programmes that contain "football action", except for Serie B matches, some home games by the Italian Over and Under 21s and some international championships. Naturally, broadcasting rights for the above listed matches can vary from year to year, depending on the agreement reached between Rai Trade and the Italian football league.
Why is it that some sporting events (Formula 1 races, cycling, regattas etc.) broadcast on national channels are not shown on Rai Internazionale?
The producers of great events of international importance, for example Formula 1 racing, the America's Cup, the Olympic Games, the World or European Football Championships, grant the respective television rights to individual broadcasting companies exclusively for their own national territory. The organisers of the event are not particularly interested in whether or not an Italian boat or car is competing, and the great economic interests involved require the split sale of the rights as the most convenient procedure. Therefore Rai broadcasts these events only in Italy.
How much broadcast time is devoted to Italian films?
At present it is very difficult to obtain television rights for Italian films. Nevertheless, every year Rai Internazionale offers a panoramic review of the most interesting films to appear in recent years on the national territory, and also plans series devoted to the great classics of the Italian cinema. The programme schedule therefore ensures a considerable turnover of films each season.
Football seems to occupy a prominent role in Rai Internazionale programming. What about cultural programmes?
Our programme schedule is made up of a selection of the best Rai programmes, which certainly include the season's most important shows. We devote more space to information and culture than they receive on the national networks, thanks also to the original programmes that we produce. Certainly we do show football, because it answers a strong demand from our audience in all the countries that we reach.
Couldn't you show La Domenica Sportiva at an earlier time?
La Domenica Sportiva is broadcast in Italy on Raidue on Sundays from 10.30 pm until approximately 1 am. Before showing the programme on an international channel, it has to be cut and edited because we have to remove coverage of those matches for which Rai Internazionale does not have broadcasting rights. This editing and montage takes a couple of hours, which means that it is physically impossible for us to show La Domenica Sportiva on Rai Internazionale before 2.30 am Italian time.
Why is Domenica In shown before La Domenica Sportiva?
Domenica In is a long-running Rai programme which has always had an enthusiastic following both in Italy and abroad. Rai Internazionale decided to include Domenica In in the programme schedule specifically to cater to the demands and tastes of those viewers who have little interest in football. In particular, it was decided to show that part of the programme presented by Pippo Baudo, which attracts record numbers of viewers in Italy, and which we are sure many TV viewers will enjoy.
Couldn't more time be devoted to sport and, in particular, to football?
Rai Internazionale broadcasts a considerable amount of Italian football, either live or recorded, and devotes a lot of attention to this sport, as anyone who follows us will know; however, this is not a thematic channel. On the contrary, ours is a general network, aimed at a wide and varied audience, and for this reason our programmes represent all the most popular television genres.
Why is it that, in addition to programmes on national channels, Rai Internazionale also broadcasts the news and several other public service broadcasts designed exclusively for Italians living abroad?
Rai Internazionale is aimed at a very wide target divided into zones: Italians or other people connected to Italy in various ways, now living all over the world. As indicated in the About Us section, Rai Internazionale has a mission to offer its audience both culture and service.
For each area in the world, Rai Internazionale prepares a television package covering 24 hours a day, including the most interesting programmes for the target audience, selected among those broadcast on the three national channels, and shows them at the times most suited to the respective time zones; it also includes service and entertainment programmes designed specially for Italians abroad, according to the agreement with the Italian Governement.
Sometimes the satellite TV Guide gives less than exact information: why is this?
To meet the demands of its audience, Rai Internazionale, unlike many other satellite networks, has opted to broadcast many programmes live, linking up with the national television networks and thus allowing its viewers to see the same programmes that go on the air at the same time in Italy. This decision ties the Rai International programme schedule to that of the national channels and prevents the construction of a rigid schedule that can be exactly planned a month in advance. This is the advance notice that the editors of TV Guides, both printed and televised, demand from the international television networks when communicating their programmes. For this reason the satellite TV Guide may sometimes not be very reliable: it offers a general programme schedule which we have supplied a month beforehand, as requested.
What radio programmes does Rai Internazionale broadcast and to what countries?
Rai Internazionale broadcasts its own programmes and the best of RadioRai all over the world, using different broadcast outlets. On Medium Wave, Notturno Italiano and newscasts. By satellite, Rai Internazionale Radio broadcasts to the USA, Canada, Australia, Africa and Japan, a selection of all the best programmes, from both Rai and Rai Internazionale. On the web: Italians all over the world can listen to Raitalia Radio programmes from this site using Real Audio. For further information, consult the Radio section of this site.
How can I contact the editorial staff of the radio programmes?
From the page on this site devoted to radio programmes it is possible to have access to all the information on the programmes produced by Rai Internazionale, including telephone numbers, fax and email whenever these are available. If the programme you are interested in does not appear on that page, it is probably produced by Rai: in that case consult the Radio Rai site.
Signal reception and subscriptions
Can Rai Internazionale be seen in Italy and in Europe?
Rai Internazionale channel can be seen in Europe and Rai International broadcasts the three national Rai networks in Europe and throughout the Mediterranean area on the digital satellite Hot Bird 9, 13º east. On Hot Bird 9, as well as the three Rai networks, Rai Sport, Rai Educational and Rainews 24 are available in digital form, also at 13º east. All the technical information is published on our site on the page The signal in Europe, and also on page 516 and following pages of Televideo Rai, which can also be seen on the Televideo site.
How is the Rai Internazionale signal received?
Rai International broadcasts its radio and television channels throughout the world using numerous geo-stationary satellites. In the different geographical areas the signal is received directly from the satellite by the individual users (DTH = direct to home) or received by local operators and re-broadcast using cable systems. For information on the reception procedure in each country, consult the Distribution section on this site.
How can I become a subscriber to Rai Internazionale?
The technical procedures for reception and the subscription information depend on the area of residence of the users. For further information, consult the Distribution section on this site.
Requests for programmes and other questions
I missed a programme I wanted to see, can you broadcast it again? I would like to see a certain programme, can you broadcast it?
The planning of a programme schedule is the result of a series of complex and time consuming assessments: checking broadcasting rights, checking audience satisfaction and the available broadcasting space. For this reason we generally cannot accept requests of this kind.
Could I have a cassette with a copy of your programme... broadcast on...? Where can I buy it? I am willing to pay for it.
No, we cannot send material to private citizens. Rai provides this service exclusively to non profit-making organisations and associations that send a formal request, on official letterhead, to Direzione Rai Teche (Rai Archives) - fax number +39 06 36226217. The request must be detailed and complete with a description of the material's intended use. Typical motives for intended use are those concerning documentation, didactic purposes, cultural and educational activities. Even so, the material can only be supplied after clearing the respective rights and upon receipt of payment of processing costs.
I would like to take part (as guest-singer-actor etc.) in the programme... produced by Rai1/2/3. Can you help me?
We advise you to apply directly to the editorial staff, at the address which may be communicated during the broadcast or on the programme's own website. If the programme is not on the web and does not supply its address during the broadcast, that means it does not contemplate a direct contact with the audience.
I am a graduate in ..., I have long experience as a journalist-director-etc. and I would like to work in TV in contact with an international environment. I would like to know if you could consider my application or tell me where to send my curriculum.
We are sorry but we cannot give a positive reply to your request. We advise you to visit the Human Resources section on the Rai site.
Alternatively you can apply directly to the Rai central Personnel Office:
Rai - Radiotelevisione Italiana Personnel Office
Viale Mazzini, 14 00195 - Rome
Why is the information on programmes offered on the site often imprecise and why is it not published on the site more in advance?
Using dedicated software the site publishes the information on the programme schedule drawn up by the Programming Department. All the information on the weekly programmes are published on Friday evening, a few minutes after the Programming Department has finished drawing up the schedules. The editorial staff updates any variations daily. Any imprecisions may therefore depend on sudden variations in timing linked, for example, to live events which have overrun the expected time, to problems in acquiring broadcasting rights which have cropped up at the last moment, to technical problems or to other unforeseen circumstances which make it impossible to correct the information beforehand. Rai International, of course, does its best to reduce these occurrences to a minimum.